jueves, 1 de enero de 2009

Bratislava

Zareth en Bratislava

Primer dia del Euro en Eslovaquia

Budapest

Sinagoga en Budapest

Museo Judio en Budapest

31 Dic 2008 Budapest


Metro Budapest

miércoles, 24 de diciembre de 2008

Navidad en Viena

Museo de La Historia del Arte

Stephan Platz

Calles de Viena

Comunidad Judia en Viena

JudenPlatz

"In mid 1912, after Kraków, Stalin spent several weeks in Vienna with the Troyanovskys, a wealthy Bolshevik couple he met with Lenin in Kraków. During these weeks Stalin used to walk in the park around the Schönbrunn Palace which was also regularly frequented at the time by Adolf Hitler."
Maybe they met or crossed each other and didn't remember some 25 years later (also because Stalin didn't use his name at the time).
And maybe you're interest in taking some pictures at the Schönbrunn Schloßpark where two of the biggest monsters of the XX Century for both the Jews and mankind, used to spend some good time.




lunes, 22 de diciembre de 2008

Vienna

Entrada al Metro

Jews in Vienna: Hilter´s Anti-Semitic Rhetoric Puerly Political

Some of you will find this information very revealing, others can continue to believe their spoon-fed lies.

Of course, Mein Kampf must not be read as an autobiography in the sense of its author dealing with his own past, or as a confession in which he worked through his experiences. The book is clearly a work of political propaganda, in which a power-hungry politician on the rise buttresses his political slogans and builds them up through a fitting life story to form a weltanschauung.
In Mein Kampf Hitler created an organically grown anti-Semitic career for himself with politically convenient anti-Semitic images in its key scenes. Thus the book must also be read as the developmental history of a Germanic leader who found the right when he was young.

However, reality, as it emerges from the reports of Viennese eye witnesses, has little to do with the myths Mein Kampf purports. Apart from the special case of August Kubizek, no anti-Semitic remark by the young Hitler has been documented.

Reinhold Hanisch, clearly an anti-Semite, was incredulous when he heard that Hitler, (of all people), was an extreme, anti-Semitic politician in the thirties. After all, Hanisch and Hitler had their falling out in the men's hostel in 1910 because Hitler turned entirely to his Jewish friends Josef Neumann and Siegfried Löffner. In the thirties, in his anger Hanisch revealed Hitler's youth as anything but anti-Semitic in order to discredit Hitler as a politician.

Calles Abarrotadas por las compras navidenas

Hanisch is by no means alone in his assertions. Anonymous from Brünn also wrote, in 1912 : "Hitler got along extremely well with Jews. He once said they were an intelligent people that stuck together more than the Germans."

Rudolf Häusler, the colleague in the men's hostel, was at a loss when his daughter questioned him about the anti-Semitism of his then twenty-three- to twenty-four-year-old friend Adolf. Häusler told her that he had not noticed anything of the kind in Vienna. Yet he knew that in Munich, Hitler had thought he had been cheated by a Jewish junk dealer, which might have been a reason for Hitler's subsequent anti-Semitism, surely with no conclusive proof.

The Viennese eyewitnesses remembered unanimously that Hitler's dealings with Jews had been quite natural. For example, Jakob Wasserberg from Galicia, who ran a small brandy store at 20 Webgasse, close to Stumpergasse, related that the young man had frequently had breakfast with him: "Mr. Wasserberg, a tea and a Laberl." (A Laberl is a cookie.)

It is worthy of note that among all the stories of his sufferings in Vienna, Hitler never mentioned a bad experience with a Jew.

Shtephanplatz

let us briefly recapitulate young Hitler's encounters with Jews in Linz and Vienna: Even when he was Reich chancellor, Hitler expressed his gratitude to his Jewish family doctor in Linz, Dr. Eduard Bloch, who attended to his mother until she died. In his American exile Dr. Bloch clearly stressed that young Hitler had certainly not been an anti-Semite in Linz: "He had not yet begun to hate the Jews." The theory that Hitler's anti-Semitism goes back to a Jewish professor who had flunked him at the academy exam is as untenable as the sensational story about Hitler's getting infected with syphilis by a Jewish prostitute in Leopoldstadt.

When in 1908 anti-Semitic smear campaigns at the Vienna Opera were raging against former director Gustav Mahler, Hitler continued to admire Mahler as a Wagner interpreter. Accompanied by Kubizek, nineteen-year-old Hitler witnessed the family life and culture of an educated Jewish middle-class family during music making in the house of the Jahodas ; he was deeply impressed and did not utter the slightest anti-Semitic remark.

Furthermore, he had every reason to be grateful to Jewish benefactors. When he was homeless in 1909 -and probably earlier and later as well-he profited from Jewish social institutions in many ways, from public Warmestuben to soup kitchens and Jewish citizens' donations to the homeless shelter in Meidling and the men's hostel in Brigittenau.


Restaurantes en el Centro de Vienna

In the men's hostel, Hitler had mainly Jewish friends, which made Hanisch very angry. His best friend, the religious Jew Neumann, a trained copper polisher, gave him a coat when he had nothing to wear and lent him money. Hitler disappeared with him from the men's hostel for a week. Hanisch's comment: "Neumann was a goodhearted man who liked Hitler very much and whom Hitler of course highly esteemed."

Hitler also discussed issues concerning anti-Semitism and Zionism with Neumann -by no means contemptuously as he did with the Social Democratic colleagues in the men's hostel, but jokingly, in a friendly way. He even went so far as to defend Heine, who was under anti-Semitic attack, to quote Lessing's "Parable of the Ring," and to acknowledge the achievements of Jewish composers, such as Mendelssohn and Offenbach.

Siegfried Löffner from Moravia, a Jewish colleague at the men's hostel, even dragged Hitler's archenemy, Hanisch, to the police to report him for defrauding Hitler. The Jewish locksmith Simon Robinson from Galicia, who received a small invalid's pension, helped Hitler out financially.


Cafe Vienes

Karl Honisch mentions an additional Jewish acquaintance in the men's hostel in 1913, Rudolf Redlich from Moravia. It would be erroneous to assume that a particularly large percentage of men at the hostel had been Jewish. According to statistics, 8 to 10 percent were Jewish-which corresponded to the median Jewish population in Vienna. From Hitler's later remark on his Vienna years we may conclude that Hanisch was not the only anti-Semite there: "Many workers with whom he had associated, he said, had been decidedly anti-Semitic."

Hitler sold his paintings almost exclusively to Jewish dealers: Morgenstern, landsberger, and Altenberg. Hanisch writes: "The Christian dealers. ..didn't pay any better than the Jews. Besides, they only bought more material when they had disposed of the first shipment, while the Jewish dealers continued to buy whether they had sold anything or not."

When the NSDAP archive searched for early Hitler paintings in 1938, they still found unsold pieces both in Morgenstern's and Altenberg's stores, after more than twenty-five years.

Hanisch writes: "Hitler often said that it was only with the Jews that one could do business, because only they were willing to take chances."
Frame manufacturer Jakob Altenberg from Galicia could not remember any anti-Semitic statements by Hitler. Hitler had close personal contact with Samuel Morgenstern, who procured private customers for the young man, for example, Jewish lawyer Dr. Josef Feingold, who in turn sponsored Hitler.

Young Hitler's exceptional contacts with Jews may also be an indication that he considered the Jews to be "something better."
As Kubizek reports, in the Opera's standing room he had the opportunity to observe the Jews' particularly great cultural interest. Hitler was familiar with the different figures for Christian and Jewish students at the universities, as well as the popular jokes about the "intelligent," "intellectual" Jews who easily got the better of the "nice" Christians.

In the men's hostel he expressed his approval of Jewish tradition, which had managed to preserve the purity of the "Jewish race" for thousands of years. It should be remembered that in the work of list and Lanz von Liebenfels it is not the alien race that is dangerous and ruinous, but only the mixing of races, which decreases the value of the Aryan "noble people" and therefore should be avoided at all cost.

As late as 1930 Hitler talked extensively about the Jews' ability to preserve their race by way of religion and strict rules, among them, the prohibition of marriages with non-Jews. Hitler directly continued list's theories when he told Wagner: Through Moses the Jewish people received a rule for life and living one's life that was elevated to a religion which was entirely tailored toward the essence of one's race, and simply and clearly, without dogmas and dubious rules of faith, soberly and absolutely realistically contains what served the future and self-preservation of the children of Israel.

Everything is geared toward the well being of one's own people, nothing toward consideration of others.

After further explanations, Hitler arrived at the conclusion that "we. ..no doubt have to recognize with admiration this incredible strength of the Jews' preservation of their race".

Hitler adopted Jewish "purity of race" as nothing less than a model for his own weltanschauung regarding the necessity of the racial purity of Aryans.

It was only as a politician that Hitler portrayed the Jews as "parasites" who robbed Aryans of their strength through their intellectual impact, democracy, Social Democracy, the press, capital, parliamentarianism, modern art, pornography, pacifism, and much more. Around 1930 Hitler said to Wagner: This is precisely the parasitic instinct, which non parasitic plants don't have. A special talent! A sixth sense! A business sense-of sadistic origin, to be sure, but the superiority of parasites!

Bunker construido por Adolf Hitler

domingo, 21 de diciembre de 2008

Dubrovnik





Hoteles destruidos durante la guerra

Medieval Dubrovnik under siege

Published: October 30, 1991

The people of Dubrovnik, once confident their medieval walls and Renaissance treasures would protect them from war, are now enduring the fears and hardships of life under seige.

Some 50,000 men, women and children are still in Dubrovnik, a Croatian city built on a promontory that is now cut off from outside world except for a few boats that get through by sea.

The city, which dates from the 7th century, has been under siege by Montenegro units of the Serbian-led Federal Army since Oct. 1 and now has little water and almost no electricity.

The residents line up to get their daily ration of 1.3 gallons of water per family from a fire truck in the Stradun, the city's marble main street.

Outside the baroque cathedral the townspeople jostle one another to get powdered milk, rice and cornflakes being dispensed from the back of a truck.

"Just look at me," said Mladen, a 15-year-old boy, pointing to bruises on his face and neck, souvenirs of a lost fight with a group of middle-aged women to get food supplies.

"People waste a whole day waiting in line for milk and potatoes and then at night sit in the dark," said Liljana Crnjak, 30, a shop owner. "If you have a candle, you can read at night."

Like many others in the city of winding medieval streets and 16th-century colonnades and buildings, she never imagined the war in Yugoslavia would come to this city.

"When I watched the war on television it was like watching a terrible program from another country," she said.

More than 1,000 Croatians have been killed since Croatia declared its independence on June 25, and an unknown number of soldiers from the federal Yugoslav Army and the local Serbian militias. Some estimates put the total figure as high as 5,000 dead, with 10,000 wounded and 350,000 made homeless.

Fighting in rebel Croatia claimed 16 more lives today as the Yugoslav forces stepped up aerial and artillery bombardments of the Danube town of Vukovar.

The historic center of Dubrovnik, with its church towers, domed roofs and colonnaded courtyards, has been lightly hit, with only minor damage to the main tourist attractions like the Stradum, Boskoviceva Street, the Rupe museum and a 700-year-old synagogue that had four broken windows.

But the plight of the city's residents could worsen. A fireman dispensing water to an eager crowd said there was only enough drinking water for two more weeks. "We don't like to think about what will happen when the water runs out," said Stanka Kordello, head of the local Red Cross.















lunes, 24 de noviembre de 2008

Taxi 6:00 am


Antes de la nieve

Calle comercial

Edificios en el centro de Belgrado

Perro Serbio

El Peje???



Definitivemnte no es uno de los integrantes de Depeche Mode


Belgrado, Serbia


Belgrado (en serbio Beograd, la Ciudad Blanca, escrito en alfabeto cirílico Београд), es la capital de la República de Serbia y la ciudad más grande y populosa del territorio de la antigua Yugoslavia.

Situada en la confluencia del río Sava con el Danubio y en el límite de la Llanura panónica con la Península Balcánica, Belgrado se extiende por una superficie de 3.222,68 km² que ocupan el 3.6% del territorio de la República. El área metropolitana alberga a una población de 1.576.801 habitantes1 2 que representa el 21% de la población serbia,3 4 siendo por ello también la cuarta ciudad más poblada del sureste de Europa, después de EstambulAtenas y Bucarest.

Belgrado dispone, de acuerdo a la Constitución, de un estatus especial separado dentro de la organización administrativa de la República de Serbia por el que se articula la representación ciudadana mediante un sistema de gobierno autónomo dividido en varios cuerpos5 que son la Asamblea de la Ciudad, la Alcaldía y el Consejo, siendo cada uno de los 17 municipios en los que se divide, administrado por un consejo propio.6

Belgrado, como capital de la República de Serbia, es sede de los principales Organismos e Instituciones del Estado serbio, así como de las universidades y establecimientos de investigación más importantes. Es el motor económico del país, con un sector agrario singular, y principal centro para la difusión de la cultura serbia.

Belgrado es una de las ciudades más antiguas de Europa con una historia que se remonta en casi 7000 años y con frecuencia convulsionada al ser escenario de los enfrentamientos entre las potencias que dominaron sucesivamente la región. Los primeros asentamientos aparecieron con la cultura prehistórica de Vinča hacia el 4800 a. C. En el siglo III a. C. se asentaron los celtas, y más tarde, los romanosfundaron la ciudad de Singidunum.7 8 Los primeros documentos donde consta el nombre eslavo Beligrad datan del año 878. En el 1284 pasa a manos de serbios en Sirmia, y a partir de 1403, la del Despotado de Serbia. Más tarde también fue capital del Principado de Serbia, convertido en Reino de Serbia en 1882, así como de las diferentes variaciones estatales de Yugoslavia entre 1918 y 2003, y de laConfederación de Serbia y Montenegro hasta el 2006.9


Calles de Sofia


Sinagoga en Sofia


The synagogue in Sofia is situated in the very heart of the Bulgarian capital. It is the third largest in Europe, next to the synagogues in Budapest and Amsterdam. Designed by Austrian architect Grunanger in a Spanish-Moresque style, the temple resembles the Vienna synagogue destroyed by the Nazis. It was opened on 9 September 1909, and the ceremony was attended by tzar Ferdinand and tzaritza Eleonora. 

One of the most beautiful architectural monuments in Sofia, the synagogue accommodates 1300 worshippers. Its central lustre weighs two tons and is the largest in Bulgaria. For already several years the synagogue has been under restoration - because of the complexity of the work and the shortage of funds. Its restoration is soon to be finished, and now the synagogue is shining in all its splendour. The project has been financed by the Bulgarian state and Israel, by private entrepreneurs and individual donations. 

In spite of the enormous size of the building, public worships in it are attended by not more 50-60 persons. This is due, on the one hand, to the thinner Jewish community, and, on the other, to the relatively lower religiousness of the local Jewish population. Nevertheless, as a result of a renewed interest in the past and faith of their ancestors, an increasing number of young people now attend the divine services. Certainly, on great festive days, hundreds of people gather here, including high officials of non-Jewish origin.